Educational psychology involves the study of how people learn, various topics i.e. student outcomes, the instructional process, individual differences in learning, gifted learners, and learning disabilities.
psychology involves not just the learning process of early childhood and adolescence but includes the social, emotional, and cognitive processes that are involved in learning throughout the entire lifespan.
How educational psychology is supportive for teachers?
A teacher acts as a philosopher and a guide to the students. He must know the growth and development of the child and his requirements at different levels. Educational psychology helps the teacher to study the ability, interests, intelligence, needs and adopt different techniques of teaching for effective communication. The utility of educational psychology for the teachers has been emphasized in both theory and practices of teaching and learning.
Educational psychologist Benjamin Bloom developed an important taxonomy designed to categorize and describe different educational objectives. The three top-level domains he described were cognitive, affective, and psychomotor learning objectives.
The importance of educational psychology for a teacher can be divided into two aspects i.e.:
(i) To study teaching and learning situations.
(ii) Application of teaching and learning principles
Educational psychology contributes a lot for increasing the teaching efficiency of the teacher in different areas mentioned below:-
- (a) Individual difference
- (b) To know the classroom teaching-learning process
- (c) Awareness of effective methods of teaching
- (d) Curriculum development
- (e) To study mental health of students
- (f) Guidance to the students
- (g) Measuring learning outcomes
How educational psychology is supportive for learners?
A great deal of research from cognitive and educational psychology has discovered how thinking and learning can be improved in the classroom. The first eight principles highlight some of the most important findings on teacher practices that impact student growth.
Learning is based on context, so generalizing learning to new contexts is not spontaneous, but rather needs to be facilitated by following ways:
- growth mindset
- prior knowledge
- limits of set theories
- facilitating context
- positive feedback
- self regulation
- intrinsic motivation